The Source of Happiness – Swami Dayananda Saraswati

The Source of Happiness Vakyavriti verses 24, 25 Swami Dayananda Saraswati In the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad, there is a dialogue between Maitreyi and her husband, Yagnavalkya, a great scholar, and a Vedantin. One day, hecalled Maitreyi, the senior of his two wives, and told her, in effect, “I am leaving for the forest to live a…

Mahavakya – Swami Dayananda Saraswati

Mahavakya – Swami Dayananda Saraswati Satyam–Mithya We understand the word mithya as a word referring to our understanding of the reality of an object, like a pot. Mithya is not an object. Similarly, satyam is also a word revealing our understanding of reality. Mithya is understood as the reality of an object which has no…

माया पञ्चकम् – Maya Panchakam – Swami Tattvidananda Saraswati Ji

माया पञ्चकम् – Maya Panchakam Pujya Sri Adi Shankaracharya निरूपमनित्यनिरंशकेऽप्यखण्डे मयि चिति सर्वविकल्पनाऽऽदिशून्ये। घटयति जगदीशजीवभेदं त्वघटितघटनापटीयसी माया।।१।। I am beyond comparison, timeless, part-less, division-less Awareness Absolute-without-a-second. In me are absent all kinds of imaginations (superimposition) etc. Yet the (माया) illusion, which is capable of making the impossible possible, creates in me the division of universe,…

पूर्ण मदः पूर्ण मिदम् -PurnamadaH Purnamidam – Swami Dayananda Saraswati ji

पूर्ण मदः पूर्ण मिदम् PurnamadaH Poornamidam Swami Dayananda Saraswati ji पूर्ण मदः पूर्ण मिदम् पूर्णात् पूर्णमुदच्यते। पूर्णस्य पूर्णमादाय पूर्ण मेवावशिष्यते॥ Aum pUrNamadah pUrNamidaM pUrNAt pUrNamudacyate PUrNasya pUrNamAdAya pUrNamEvAvashiSyate This is an innocuous looking verse: one noun, two pronouns, three verbs and a particle for emphasis. Yet, someone once said: “Let all the UpaniSads disappear from…

Life of Sri Adi Shankaracharya

Life of Sri Adi Shankaracharya Courtesy by Sringeri Sharda Peetham सदाशिवसमारम्भां शङ्कराचार्यमध्यमाम् । अस्मदाचार्य पर्यन्तां वन्दे गुरुपरम्पराम् ॥ The permanent charm of the name of Sri Shankara Bhagavatpada, the founder of the Sringeri Mutt, lies undoubtedly in the Advaita philosophy he propounded. It is based on the Upanishads and augmented by his incomparable commentaries. He…

Part 16. Overview of Tattvabodha (Tattvabodha)

Overview of Tattvabodha Over the last few sessions, we have covered the textbook of Tattvabodha in which all the important technical terms of Vedanta Shāstram have been beautifully presented. We saw all those topics in these classes. Now we will wind up the Tattvabodha study by a bird’s eye view of all the important topics…

Part 15. Law of Karma (Tattvabodha)

Law of Karma In the last few sessions, we saw the central teaching of the Vedanta – namely Jīva Ātmā and Parama Ātmā Aikyam. Through this, I am given to understand that I am not the Reflected Consciousness which is the Distorted Consciousness through the medium. But I am the original Consciousness which is none…

Part 14. Jīva Īshvara Aikya (Tattvabodha)

Jīva Īshvara Aikya In the previous sessions, we have seen the main theme of the Vedāntik Teaching – Jīva Ātmā Parama Ātmā Aikyam. The idea conveyed is that Ātmā the Chaitanyam is only Ekam. Aikyam means oneness. Therefore Ātmā the Chaitanyam is only one and that one Chaitanyam alone is expressing through the matter principle….

Part 13. Creation (Tattvabodha)

Creation All the studies that we did till now, whether Sharīra Trayam or Avasthā Trayam are all associated with the individual or microcosm. In Sanskrit we use the word Vyashti. Today we are going to the next topic through which we are entering Samashti or macrocosm. The topic is Srushtihi or creation or cosmology. How…

Part 12. Ātmā (Tattvabodha)

Ātmā Till now we dealt with the following from Tattvabodha – Sādhana Chatushtayam – Four fold qualification – Sharīra Trayam – Threefold body – Avasthā Trayam – Threefold states of experience – Pancha Koshaha – Fivefold personality layers of an individualWe also saw that Sharīra Trayam and Kosha Panchakam both refer to the same personality…

Part 11. Avasthā Trayam and Kosha Panchakam (Tattvabodha)

Avasthā Trayam and Kosha Panchakam Avasthā Trayam refers to the three stages experience and Kosha Panchakam refers to the five layers of our personality. 11.1. Avasthā Trayam We will first start with Avasthā Trayam – the three states of experience. We sill see three factors relating to each state of experience. By studying the three…

Part 10. Sharīra Trayam(Tattvabodha)

Sharīra Trayam We are seeing the technical terms used in all our scriptures which have been comprehensively presented in the small book called Tattvabodha. Not only does it give the essence of Vedāntik teaching, but also systematically introduces the technical terms. In Sanskrit a technical term is called a Paribhāshā Shabdaha. We are seeing the…